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Science and Research on Climate Change:

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Institutions on Climate Policy / Mitigation of Climate Change:

Austria International  |  Europe  | Environmental Agencies and Ministries worldwide


Climate Models

Flexible Mechanisms (Kyoto Mechanisms)

Climate Change, Insurance and the Financial Sector

Online Media on Climate Change


Our Favorites

Umweltbundesamt (Austrian Federal Environment Agency)


Gateway to the UN System's Work on Climate Change

Swiss forum for climate and global change issues

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)
Non-profit, non-partisan research institution established to carry out research in the field of sustainable development.

Schweizer Klimaportal

German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU)

Center for International Climate and Environmental Research Oslo (CICERO)
interdisciplinary institute for environmental and climate research on behalf of the Norwegian government

PEW Center on Global Climate Change
a group devoted to climate protection, composed of multinationalenterprises as BP, Toyota, 3M or Boing.

International Institute for Sustainable Develpoment (IISD)

Ressources for the future (RFF)
RFF is a nonprofit and nonpartisan think tank located in Washington

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Scientific body on the issue of climate change which assesses the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change

UK Climate Impacts Programme
The UK Climate Impacts Programme (UKCIP) helps organisations assess how they might be affected by climate change, so they can prepare for its impact.


Science and Research:


Institute for Meteorology
Universität für Bodenkultur, Vienna

Institute for Meteorlogy und Geophysics, University of Innsbruck
climate research in the area of the Antarctic peninsula and of Patagonian glaciers

Austrian Research Center Seibersdorf (ARCS)

Joanneum Research

IIASA Laxenburg

ÖGUT - Austrian Society for Environment and Technology

Österreichische Energieagentur (Austrian Energy Agency)

Seibersdorf Research - Climate Impact Research

Bundesamt und Forschungszentrum für Wald (BFW)

Wegener Zentrum für Klima und Globalen Wandel
Das Wegener Zentrum für Klima und Globalen Wandel vereint als interdisziplinäres und international orientiertes Forschungszentrum die Kompetenzen der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz im Forschungsbereich "Klimawandel, Umweltwandel und Globaler Wandel".

alpS - Zentrum für Naturgefahren Management




PEW Center on Global Climate Change
a group devoted to climate protection, composed of multinationalenterprises as BP, Toyota, 3M or Boing

Resources for the Future (RFF)
a nonprofit research institution conducting independent research on natural resoruces and the environment

World Resources Institute

subsidiary institution of RFF with research focus on climate policy

International Research Center on Environment and Development (C.I.R.E.D)

Consortium for International Earth Science Information (CIESIN)
interdisciplinary research on climate change

Tata Energy Research Institute -TERI (Indien)

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
Climate and Global Dynamics Division

Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS)
NASA Institute on climate research

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
research on weather and climate, forecasts,...

Institute of Global Environment and Society (IGES)

CSIRO Atmospheric Research
provides scientific advice and solutions on issues involving the atmospheric environment and the climatic system.

Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Stanford University

National Climate Data Center (NCDC)
The NCDC is the world's largest active archive of weather data. NCDC produces numerous climate publications and responds to data requests from all over the world.




Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie

German Climate Research Programme (DEKLIM)

The National Center of Competence in Research on Climate (NCCR), Switzerland

Center for International Climate and Environmental Research Oslo (CICERO)
Interdisciplinary institute for environmental and climate research on behalf of the Norwegian government

Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

Tyndall Center for Climate Change Research

Potsdamer Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum (DKRZ)

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
climate research on behalf of the British government

European Science Foundation (ESF)

Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center (RIHMI-WDC)

Netherlands Energy Research Foundation

Physics of Weather and Climate (PWC) Section
at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy



Institutions on Climate Change and Climate Policy


Umweltbundesamt (Austrian Federal Environment Agency)

Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wassermanagement: Klimaschutz

Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik

Independent Institutions:


VCÖ - Verkehrs Club Österreich

Greenpeace Österreich

Global 2000

WWF Österreich

Austrian Buisness Council on Sustainable Development



United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Scientific body on the issue of climate change which assesses the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)

Information Unit for Conventions (IUC)
by UNEP (United Nations Environmental Program)

OECD and Climate Change

World Meteorological Organization (WMO) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
the worldwide biggest archive on weather data

International Energy Agency

Center for Environmental Science and Policy (CESP)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
NOAA describes and forecasts changes in the atmospheric and marine environment

The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe

Cities for Climate Protection Campaign (CCP)
CCP is a global campaign of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI). More than 475 local governments worldwide participate in the Campaign, including over 100 cities and counties in the United States.

Australian Greenhouse Office (AGO)

Global Environment Information Center, Japan

Global Change Master Directory
user-friendly processed weather data by NASA (atmo-, hydro-, biosphere, oceans,...)

California Energy Commission

Website on climate change of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India



Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary
Country profiles: climate, emissions, economic development

Enda Third World, Senegal
International organisation supplying information on climate change and energy efficiency

The Climate Action Network
an umbrella group formed by more than 250 environmental NGOs worldwide


One Climate Change


German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU)

Advisory Body on Climate Change (OCCC)
in Switzerland

European Space Agency (ESA)

DG XII: Research Directorate General

Community Research and Development Information Center (CORDIS)
Research Centre of the EU

European Environment Agency (EEA)

European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change
assists EEA in supporting EU environmental policy and legislative frameworks and allow for adequate responses to emerging needs.

MIES, la Mission interministérielle de l'effet de serre
National Plan to combat Climate Change in France

French Energy Agency


Climate Protection: Environmental Agencies and Ministeries worldwide

Australia: Department of Environment and Heritage

Austria: Ministry of Forestry, Environment, and Watermanagment

Belgium: Flemish Environment Agency

Canada: Department of Natural Resources

Croatia: Energy Institute

The Czech Republic: Ministry of the Environment

Denmark: Environmental Agency

European Evironment Agency

Finland: Ministry of the Environment

Finnland: Finnish Environment Centre

France: Ministry of Regional Planning and the Environment

France: Federal Office for Environment

Germany: Federal Environmental Ministry

Germany: Federal Office for Environment (Umweltbundesamt)

Germany: The German Council of Environmental Advisors (Der Rat von Sachverständigen für Umweltfragen)

Iceland: Ministry for the Environment

Ireland: Department of the Environment and Local Government

Italy: Ministry of the Environment

Japan: Environment Agency

Luxembourg: Ministry of the Environment

Mexico: Ministry for Environment, Natural Resources, and Fisheries

The Netherlands: Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning, and the Environment

New Zealand: Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning, and the Environment

Norway: Ministry of the Environment

Norway: Directorate for Nature Management

Poland: Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources, and Forestry

Portugal: Ministry of Environment

Spain: Ministry of the Environment

Sweden: Environmental Protection Agency

Schweiz: Departement für Umwelt, Verkehr, Energie und Kommunikation

Switzerland: Federal Agency for Energy Economics

United Kingdom: Department for Environment, food and rural affairs

United Kingdom: Environment Agency of England and Wales

United Kingdom: Department for the Environment, Northern Ireland

United Kingdom: Scottish Environment Protection Agency

USA: Department for Energy

USA: Environmental Protection Agency

USA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)



Flexible Mechanisms


Emission Trading Links

The Carbontrader

Prototype Carbon Fund

International Emission Trading Association (IETA)
dedicated to the establishment of effective systems for trading in greenhouse gas emissions by businesses that is demonstrably fair, open, efficient, accountable and consistent across
national boundaries

IEA: International Emission Trading - From Concept to Reality
the International Energy Agency offers for purchase a review of international emission trading, from the "perfect" system envisaged in economic models to a more realistic view of how trading can actually work

Emissions Marketing Association

Australasians Emissions Trading Forum

EcoCarbon, a non-profit industry organisation aimed at
collaboration on emissions trading activities

Emissions Trading in the Kyoto Protocol – Finished and Unfinished Business
H. Ott, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy

European Union Views on International Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading
P. Chasek et al., Columbia University, Environmental Policy Studies, Working Paper No.3

International Emissions Trading
A Primer, R. Kopp and M. Toman, Weathervane, Oct., 1 1998

Applicability of Tradable Emissions Permits to a Global Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program
by Jesse Alan Gordon

Point Carbon
Norwegian based company, which provides analysis on the global carbon market.


Clean Development Mechanism


Österreichisches JI/CDM-Programm

Der Clean Development Mechanism
HWWA, 2003

Carbon Finance at the World Bank

CDM Watch
Monitoring the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol


Joint Implementation

Joint Implementation-Koordinierungsstelle (JIKO)
Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie


Joint Implementation zwischen Theorie und Praxis
Austrian Energy Agency

Einfürung in Joint Implementation



Climate Models

Atmospheric Models

The Climate High Resolution Model (CHRM) is the Regional Climate Model (RCM) presently used at the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science of the ETH Zürich. It is largely based on the High Resolution Model (HRM) of the German Weather Service (DWD) and was adapted for use in climate studies (Lüthi et al. 1996, Vidale et al. 2003).

The Climate Version of the Local Model (CLM) is a nonhydrostatic regional climate model developed from the LM by the CLM-Community . Since 2005 it is the Community-Model of the german climate research. The model has been used for simulations on time scales up to centuries and spatial resolutions between 1 and 50 km.

The Canadian RCM (CRCM), locatable over any part of the globe, recently emerged from the conjoining of the semi-Lagrangian semi-implicit MC2 (Compressible community mesoscale model) dynamical kernel with the CCCma atmospheric GCM physics parameterization package.

Hadley Centre model configurations
The computer climate models used for the majority of the work at the Hadley Centre are detailed three-dimensional representations of major components of the climate system. They are mostly run on the Met Office's NEC SX-6 supercomputers. We use these models in various different configurations, which are explained below.

Simple models of the climate system have been developed and used both to gain physical insight into major features of the behaviour of the climate system, and to produce climate projections for a range of assumptions about emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

A modeling group has been established at AWI to improve our understanding of the Arctic climate system. The aim is to simulate the coupled atmosphere-sea ice-ocean system in the Arctic. The coupled model system includes:
* Atmosphere, represented by HIRHAM
* Ocean, represented by MOM-2
* Sea ice, represented by a dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model [Lemke at al, 2000] with elastic-viscous plastic rheology according to Hunke & Dunkowicz [1997].
The model domain includes the whole Arctic north of about 60°N.

The PSU/NCAR mesoscale model (known as MM5) is a limited-area, nonhydrostatic, terrain-following sigma-coordinate model designed to simulate or predict mesoscale atmospheric circulation.

PRECIS stands for "Providing REgional Climates for Impacts Studies." Developed at the Hadley Centre at the UK Met Office, PRECIS is a regional climate modelling system designed to run on a Linux based PC. PRECIS can be easily applied to any area of the globe to generate detailed climate change projections.

Regional Atmospheric Climate Model (RACMO) Version 2 Single Column Model

RCAO is the Rossby Centre regional Atmosphere-Ocean model (Döscher et al. 2002), incorporating the Rossby Centre Regional Atmosphere Model, RCA (Rummukainen et al. 2001, Jones et al. 2004), and the Rossby Centre Regional Ocean Model, RCO (Meier et al. 2003). It also includes a river routing routine based on a large-scale application of the HBV hydrological model from Bergström et al. (1973) and Lindström et al. (1997), and accounts for lakes and lake systems following Ljungemyr et al. (1996) and Omstedt (1999). The coupler software is based on Valcke et al. (2000).

RegCM is a 3-dimensional, sigma-coordinate, primitive equation regional climate model. Version 3 of RegCM is the latest. It is developed and supported by scientists inside and outside of PWC/ICTP.

REMO, the Regional Model of Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg
REMO was developed upon the request of the reviewers within the BMBF-Förderschwerpunkt Wasserkreislauf as the atmospheric component of the coupled atmosphere-hydrology model system. Development and application of this system was considered a central task within the international BALTEX (BALTIC Sea Experiment).

NCEP Regional Spectral Model

The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model is a next-generation mesocale numerical weather prediction system designed to serve both operational forecasting and atmospheric research needs. It features multiple dynamical cores, a 3-dimensional variational (3DVAR) data assimilation system, and a software architecture allowing for computational parallelism and system extensibility. WRF is suitable for a broad spectrum of applications across scales ranging from meters to thousands of kilometers.

S. Baum, Dept. of Oceanography, Texas A&M University
Overview on climate models and relevant research institutions

Global Models Bibliography
P. Brecke, International Affairs Faculty, Georgia Insitute of Technology

MARKAL-MATTER model by ECN, Netherlands
(=MATerials Technologies for greenhouse gas Emission Reduction).
The complete model's technology database is now available via Internet. It covers all GHG emissions in Western Europe. The complete energy and materials system is characterised in detail "from cradle to grave" for the period 1990-2050.

Economic Models on Climate Change

Integrated Assessment of Climate Protection Strategies (ICLIPS)
Projekt des PIK Potsdam

RICE and DICE Models of Economics of Climate Change
William D. Nordhaus, Yale University

AIM Project Team
The AIM Project Team has been developing a large-scale computer simulation model. This model has been used to assess policy options for stabilizing global climate, particularly in the Asian-Pacific region.

Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC,CIESIN)
The Model Visualization and Analysis Service

Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC,CIESIN)
Model Profile

Energy Modeling Forum, Stanford University
Climate Change Impacts- Integrated Assessment

GEMIS Austria
Global Emission Model of integrated systems, © Umweltbundesamt

IPE POLES (Prospective Outlook on Long-term Energy Systems)

The PACE Policy Analysis based on Computable Equilibrium model is a comparative-static multi-region, multisector CGE model.



Climate Change, Insurance and Financial Sector

Swiss re
Global Insurer

Emissions Reductions: Main Street to Wall Street"
© Swiss Re Conference in July, Download Papers

Financial Risks of Climate Change
June 2005, © Association of British Insurers

Climate Change & The Financial Services Industry (Module 1 – Threats and Opportunities)
July 2002, © UNEP
Prepared for the UNEP Finance Initiatives Climate Change Working Group by Innovest Strategic Value Advisors
Financial losses resulting from natural disasters seem to be doubling each decade and have reached $1 trillion over the last 15 years, but few financial companies are taking seriously the risks associated with the related problem of climate change.

Climate Change & the Financial Services Industry - Summary
July 2002, © UNEP

Munich re
Global Insurer

Climate Change and the Financial Sector (Experts workshop, 2002)
© Germanwatch

Österreichische Hagelversicherung

Innovest Strategic Value Advisors
Innovest’s Carbon Finance Practice provides clients with clear, company-specific research into the business risks and opportunities that global climate change presents at the corporate level. Insurers, investors, analysts and company executives alike should find it a powerful and unique aid to strategic decision-making.

Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability


Online Media on Climate Change

International Institute for Sustainable Develpoment (IISD):

  • Earth Negotiation Bulletin (ENB)
    neutral coverage of of multilateral environmental conferences, i.e. conferences of the parties (COP)
  • Linkages
    analyses on sustainability, resume and claimer of international conferences

Climate Ark
Climate Change Portal and Internet Search Tool that provides access to reviewed climate change and renewable energy news and information.


Environmental News network



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