According to the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the EU and its
Member States are committed to reducing emissions of a basket
of six greenhouse gases by 8% below the 1990 level over the period
2008 to 2012, and the central and east European (CEE) countries
to reductions of 0% to 8%. In June 1998, a system of burden
sharing was agreed by EU Member States.
In the EU "burden sharing" arrangement,
EU Member States agreed on different emission targets for each
Member State, according to different economic circumstances with
the ultimate goal to assure fulfilment of the EC commitments in
the Kyoto Protocol.
"Climate action and renewable energy package"
The "Climate action and renewable energy
package" is the European Commission's legislative proposal
to achieve agreed EU objectives in the fight against climate change.
On 23 January 2008 the European Commission put forward a far-reaching
package of proposals that will deliver on the European Union's
ambitious commitments to fight climate change and promote renewable
energy up to 2020 and beyond. The EU has committed to reducing
its overall emissions to at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2020,
and is ready to scale up this reduction to as much as 30% under
a new global climate change agreement if other developed countries
make comparable efforts. It has also set itself the target of
increasing the share of renewables in energy use to 20% by 2020.
The "Climate action and renewable energy package" sets
out the contribution expected from each Member State to meeting
these targets and proposes a series of measures to help achieve
23.01.08, © EU
new EU states can emit more
It may seem unfair but while the old countries
of the EU are facing demands to slash their carbon emissions,
the opposite is true for the new member states. The European Commission
has announced national targets for each country, which will mean
that the poorer the nation, the easier the ride.
23.01.08, © BBC
will bis 2020 CO2-Ausstoß um 20 Prozent reduzieren
Die EU will den Ausstoß der Treibhausgase
bis 2020 um mindestens 20 Prozent unter das Niveau von 1990 reduzieren,
egal ob es eine internationale Vereinbarung für die Zeit nach
2012 gibt oder nicht. Darauf haben sich am Dienstag nach längeren
Beratungen die Umweltminister einstimmig geeinigt.
20.02.07, © ORF
change: EU on track to reach Kyoto targets, latest projections
The EU is well on its way to achieve its
Kyoto Protocol targets for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases
on the basis of the policies, measures and third-country projects
already implemented or planned.
05.04.06, © EU
asks member states to fulfil their obligations
The European Commission has decided to take
infringement procedures against a number of Member States over
violations of four separate pieces of EU climate change legislation.
The aim is to ensure that the EU and its Member States meet all
their various reporting obligations under the UN Climate Change
Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. Part of the Commissions
legal action also aims to ensure that the EU Emissions Trading
Scheme becomes fully operational. Five Member States have still
not linked up to the EU-wide electronic registries system for
emissions trading despite a December 2004 deadline to do so.
06.04.06, © European Commission
climate mart to try CO2 link with EU
A voluntary Chicago emissions market said
on Tuesday it is trying to arrange a deal in which its members
can use carbon dioxide emissions allowances from the European
Union in "demonstration transfers" to meet commitments
in its bourse.
05.04.06, © Reuters
"Limiting Global Climate Change to 2° Celsius: The way
ahead for 2020 and beyond
On 10 January 2007 the European Commission
set out proposals and options for keeping climate change to manageable
levels in its Communication "Limiting Global Climate Change
to 2° Celsius: The way ahead for 2020 and beyond."
© European Commission 2007
European Community's initial report under the Kyoto Protocol
This EEA report constitutes the main part
of the European Community's submission of its initial report to
the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report establishes the assigned amount
for the European Community (EU-15), and demonstrates its capacity
to account for its emissions and assigned amount for the first
commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol: 2008-2012.
© European Commission 2007
gas emission trends
The latest projections from pre-2004 EU Member States (EU-15)
show that greenhouse gas emissions could be brought down to 8.0
% below 1990 levels by 2010. If all existing and planned domestic
policy measures are implemented and Kyoto mechanisms as well as
carbon sinks are used, the EU-15 will reach its Kyoto Protocol
© EEA 2006
Environment Agency-EEA, Reports